Urban Growth Analyses of Rajkot City Applying Remote-Sensing and Demographic Data

  • Shaily Raju Gandhi CEPT Research & Development Foundation (CRDF), Near AES Boys Hostel Campus, University Ground, Navrangpura ,Ahmedabad, India
Keywords: Urban Growth, Geographic Information System, Spatial, Temporal, Remote Sensing


Urban sprawl is one of the most avidly followed urban issues in India. The spatial and demographic processes of urban growth, and the societal implications along with cultural and financial aspects of economic development, need to be monitored closely while working on smart city projects. For decades, urban planners and governments aim at monitoring the dynamics of urban expansion. This paper applies a remote-sensing analysis of Rajkot, one of the fastest developing cities in India, during 1961-2011 and proposes a forecast for the development of the area by 2031. By doing that, the paper provides a methodology for the creation and the analysis of remote-sensing data in different wards and presents population scenarios for the city.


Angel, S., Parent, J., and Civco, D. (2007) Urban Sprawl metrics: An analysis of global urban expansion using GIS. Proceedings of ASPRS 2007 Annual Conference (pp. 1-12). Tampa, Florida May 7-11.

Batty, M., Desyllas, J., & Duxbury, E. (2003) Safety in numbers? Modeling crowds and designing control for the Notting Hill Carnival. Urban Studies, 40( 8): 1573–1590.

Bengston, D. N., Potts, R. S., Fan, D. P., & Goetz, E. G. (2005) An analysis of the public discourse about urban sprawl in the United States: Monitoring concern about a major threat to forests. Forest Policy and Economics,7: 745–756.

Bhatta, B. (2010) Analysis of Urban Growth and Sprawl from Remote Sensing Data. Kolkata: Springer.Census of India (1971) New Delhi: Government of India.

Census of India (1981) New Delhi: Government of India.

Census of India (1991) New Delhi: Government of India.

Census of india (2001) New Delhi: Government of India.

Census of india (2011) New Delhi: Government of India.

Clark, D. (1982) Urban Geography: An Introductory Guide. London: Taylor & Francis.

Czekajlo, A., Coops, N. C., Wulder, M. A., Hermosilla, T., Lu, Y., White, J. C., & van den Bosch, M. (2020) The urban greenness score: A satellite-based metric for multi-decadal characterization of urban land dynamics. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 93. 102210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2020.102210

Dong, Y., Forster, B., & Ticehurst, C. (1997) Radar backscatter analysis for urban environments. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 18(6): 1351–1364.

Drawdown project: https://drawdown.org/solutions/walkable-cities

Eryilmaz, S. S., Cengiz, H., & Eryilmaz, Y. (2008) The urban sprawl model for an affected metropolis. 44th ISoCaRP Congress 2008, (p. 12). China.

Fulton, W., Pendall, R., Nguyen, M., & Harrison, A. (2001) Who Sprawls the Most? How Growth Patterns Differ Across the US. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy.

Galster, G., Hanson, R., Wolman, H., Coleman, S., & Freihage, J. (2001) Wrestling sprawl to the ground: Defining and measuring an elusive concept. Housing Policy Debate ,12(4): 681–717.
Giles-Corti, B., Lowe, M., & Arundel, J. (2020) Achieving the SDGs: Evaluating indicators to be used to benchmark and monitor progress towards creating healthy and sustainable cities. Health Policy, 124(6): 581-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.03.001

Glaeser, E. L., & Kahn, M. E. (2004) The Handbook of Urban and Regional Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Glouberman, S., Gemar, M., Campsie, P., Miller, G., Armstrong, J., Newman, C. & Groff, P. (2006) A framework for improving health in cities: A discussion paper. Journal of Urban Health, 83(2): 325-338. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2527162 and https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-006-9034-9

Li, X., & Yeh, A. (2001b) Zoning land foragricultural protection by the integration of remote sensing, GIS, and cellular automata. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing ,67( 4), 471-477.

Pathan, S.K. and Jothimani.P. (1985) Mapping and monitoring of urban sprawl using Landsat MSS data: Case studies of three major cities (Rajkot, Bhavangar, and Jamnagar) of saurashtra region, Gujarat. ISRS symposium on Remote Sensing for Planning and Environmental aspects of Urban and Rural settlements , December 27-28, 1985, Visakhapatnam, India, 45-52.

Rahman, G., Alam, D., & Islam, S. (2008) City growth with urban sprawl and problems of management. Proceedings of 44th ISOCARP Congress Dalian (pp. 19-23). China, September 19–23: International Society of City and Regional Planners and Urban Planning Society of China.

Rahnama, M. R., Wyatt, R., & Shaddel, L. (2020) A spatial-temporal analysis of urban growth in Melbourne; Were local government areas moving toward compact or sprawl from 2001–2016?. Applied Geography, 124, 102318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2020.102318

Rajkot Municipal Corporation (2005) Rajkot City Development Plan. Rajkot: Rajkot Urban Development Authority

Rajkot Municipal Corporation (2012) Preparation of Second Generation City Development Plan for RMC as well as RUDA. Rajkot: CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited.

Taubenböck, H., Debray, H., Qiu, C., Schmitt, M., Wang, Y., & Zhu, X. X. (2020) Seven city types representing morphologic configurations of cities across the globe. Cities, 105, 102814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2020.102814

ULI (2007) Compact Development: Changing the Rules to Make It Happen. Urban Land Institute (ULI) Community Catalyst Report Number 6: Washington, D.C. http://uli.org/wp-content/uploads/ULI-Documents/Report-6-Compact-Development.ashx_.pdf

United Nations (2005b) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision Population Division Department of Economics and Social Affairs. UN.

Webster, C. J. (1995) Urban morphological fingerprints. Environment and Planning B, 22: 279–297.