Land Use Changes in the Rural-Urban Fringe: A Case Study of Tel-Aviv Metropolitan Area
The purpose of this study is to explore the patterns and reasons for land use changes in three moshav-type settlements located in the rural-urban fringe of the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area. The study extends over six decades and investigates several possible explanatory factors: the period of establishment of the moshav; its physical planning; households' agricultural branches; and the influence of nearby towns. These factors may lead to several different outcomes in regard to the processes of local change. Three moshav models are indicated in the research: agricultural; non-agricultural; and in-between. The findings show that a population with a strong ideology and a long history in agriculture may have a significant effect on the character of the moshav over time, and may contribute to the preservation of the agricultural occupation and landscape. On the other hand, lack of ideology, combined with declining importance and profitability of the agricultural branches over time, leads to diversification and pluriactivity. The latter situation is supported by proximity to urban labour markets and the attraction of entrepreneurial ventures from both urban and rural populations.
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